GEF-SCCF

Taxonomy Term List

Supporting Montenegro to advance their NAP process

NAP-GSP support to Montenegro:

A support mission was undertaken in 2017 that included sensitisation training, consultations and a stock-taking of existing policies, capacities, institutional arrangements, along with identification of gaps to support adaptation planning. 

The UNDP-led NAP-GSP support also included development of a preliminary roadmap for the NAP process. 

Montenegro is currently developing a funding proposal to access the GCF Readiness Support. 

> More NAP-GSP supported countries

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2018

Supporting Indonesia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Indonesia is an archipelagic country home to approximately 260 million people, the 4th most populous country in the world.  As population grows, so do the impacts of natural hazards, floods and droughts, which are all being intensified by climate change. Furthermore the country is dealing with sea level rise, predicted to affect 42 million people living in low-lying coastal zones. Deforestation and forest degradation is exacerbating the vulnerability of these coastal zones, making nature-based solutions, such as mangrove reforestation, appropriate adaptation strategies.
 
The agricultural, water and fishing industries account for the majority of livelihoods in Indonesia, as well as being those most vulnerable to climate change. Protecting these industries from the accelerating effects of climate change are crucial to Indonesia’s national plans. Although a NAP hasn’t been developed yet, the National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation (RAN-API) is the first comprehensive strategy focusing on adaptation. The RAN-API and the NDC Indonesia submitted to the Paris Agreement provide a sturdy framework for the NAP process to build from, and advance the integration of climate change adaptation into Indonesia’s planning and budgeting process, and maintain progress towards achieving the SDGs.
 
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Conducted a stocktaking exercise

 

 
This exercise was undertaken to identify gaps and needs to advance the NAP process, as well as key areas for adaptation planning through the enhancement of the RAN-API. The stocktaking identified areas where the integration of climate change adaptation into national planning and budgeting processes could be accelerated. Other areas included the improvement of the vulnerability assessment process in adaptation, as well as enhancing tracking and monitoring of adaptation interventions and vulnerability areas. 

 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 
The results of the stocktaking exercise are contributing towards the formulation of a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, being developed by the government with support from UNDP, to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund, for the potential allocation of funds to support adapation planning and the NAP process.
 

 

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> UNDP supporting Indonesia in drive for climate-resilient farming communities

May 2018 - Around the world, the adverse impacts of climate change are being felt keenly by smallholder farmers. The UN Development Programme is now supporting Indonesia – a country in which around 30% of the population is employed in agriculture – to help acutely vulnerable farmers in Nusa Tenggara Timur to adapt. 

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Project Dates: 
2018
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Month-Year: 
Oct 2016
Description: 
Indonesia ratifies the Paris Agreement
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Nov 2016
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Indonesia submits their First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states the intent to develop a NAP by 2020
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2017
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Indonesia requests support from the NAP-GSP, to help advance their NAP process
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2017
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A stocktaking exercise takes place to identify gaps and entry points for adaptation planning

Supporting Armenia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Armenia is a small landlocked country in the Caucasus region with a mostly mountainous terrain, fast flowing rivers and few forests. Its highland continental climate means it is subject to hot summers and cold winters. Agriculture is a core sector in Armenia, employing 44 percent of the working population, although its contribution to the economy is on the decline, with the services and industrial sectors growing instead. Climate change is already affecting Armenia, with an annual mean temperature increase of 1.03 °C and decrease in precipitation of 10 percent recorded during the period 1935 – 2012. Extreme weather events, including heavy rainfall and hailstorms, are increasing in frequency, and desertification and land degradation are set to worsen. Agricultural lands cover 69 percent of the territory and 80 percent of these lands are already being affected by climate change impacts, with decreasing crop yields projected in the future.
 
Although Armenia is in the final stages of transitioning from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary republic, it has developed an institutional framework that can facilitate the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the goals of the Paris Agreement. The Strategic Program of Prospective Development 2014-2025, the overarching development strategy, mentions the limitations that climate change will pose to economic growth. More specifically, the National Strategy on Disaster Risk Management (2017) integrates climate change and incorporates SDGs. 
 
These policies and strategies take a strong focus on mitigation, however, in Armenia’s INDC, which later became their First NDC, as they ratified the Paris Agreement in 2017, adaptation is given more weight. The NDC prioritises the following sectors as those most vulnerable to climate change and in need of adaptation interventions: natural ecosystems; human health; water resource management; agriculture, including fisheries and forests; energy; human settlements and infrastructure; and tourism. It identifies the foundation of its adaptation strategy to be the application of “an ecosystem-based approach to mitigation and adaptation actions, giving preference to balanced and combined actions”. Another key document, that reflects on the consequences of climate change scenarios, is the Third National Communication to the UNFCCC, submitted in 2015. The Fourth communication will be developed in 2019.
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Conducted a mission to Armenia

 

Between 7 – 9 December, 2016, the NAP-GSP undertook a preliminary mission to identify Armenia’s strategic priorities regarding the NAP process. Through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and extensive desk research, an assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process were conducted.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report

 
Informed by the mission and the consultations with key stakeholders, a Stocktaking Report was produced. The report identified the most pressing weaknesses regarding climate change related risks and adaptation to be: (i) a lack of clear processes for updating risk information and for prioritising adaptation measures; (ii) a lack of awareness and capacity of sector ministries in terms of climate change and adaptation; and (iii) a lack of integration of climate-induced risks and adaptation into planning processes. The Stocktaking Report includes a roadmap for the NAP process to address these gaps.
Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

Armenia submitted their Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in February 2016, and was one of the first countries to request GCF support for their NAP process. Click for details on the approved project - National Adaptation Plan (NAP) to advance medium and long-term adaptation planning in Armenia.

 

 

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Project Brief / Fact Sheet

National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Armenia

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Project Dates: 
2018
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Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Armenia submits thier Intend Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
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Jun 2016
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Government delegation from Armenia attends the NAP-GSP Eastern European, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop, Chisinau, Moldova
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Dec 2016
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A stakeholder roundtable is held to identify the strategic priorities for Armenia’s NAP process
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Dec 2016
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A Government Decree requests that a Concept of Ecosystem Approach to Climate Change Adaptation, and a NAP, are developed and submitted to government for approval
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Dec 2016
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Armenia begins drafting a Readiness proposal to submit to the GCF for potential funding to support the NAP process
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Feb 2016
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A Stocktaking Report and a preliminary roadmap for advancing the NAP process in Armenia is developed
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Feb 2016
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The Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal is submitted to the GCF
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Mar 2017
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Armenia ratifies the Paris Agreement

Supporting Uzbekistan to advance their NAP process

  • On 29 August 2016, the Government of Uzbekistan reached out to UNDP to request their support on the formulation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan process.
  • With support from NAP-GSP, a preliminary mission was undertaken 25-27 October 2016 to hold stakeholder consultations, and identify Uzbekistan’s needs regarding the NAP process.
  • Assessment of initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review.
  • The mission also built on Uzbekistan’s participation in the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop on the NAP Process, held on 28–30 June, 2016 in Chisinau, Moldova by UNDP and NAP-GSP.
  • The mission aimed to provide a snapshot of the currently available and intended planning capacities of the government agencies on climate adaptation planning in order to facilitate systematic mainstreaming of adaptation action in the country’s development planning process. The purpose was to assess and arrive at a consensus on needs and capacities for climate change adaptation and to inform the preparation and development of the country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP). 
 
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Supporting Kazakhstan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country, and ninth largest overall. Its climate is characterised by scorching summers and equally harsh winters with its highest temperature recorded as 49°С  (1995) and lowest -57°С (1931). The Kazak economy, the largest in Central Asia, is primarily driven by its oil reserves, and has industrialised significantly over the last three decades. Around 61 percent of its workforce is employed by the services sector, while only 18 percent work in the agricultural sector, down from 45 percent in 1991. With this shift has come reductions in the poverty rate, which decreased from 64 percent in 2001 to 7 percent in 2015. Despite such gains, however, Kazakhstan has begun to experience an increasing number of droughts, floods, landslides, mudflows and ice jams as a result of climate change, which threaten the advances made by the country’s development. Water resource management especially, will become ever more critical, with its high irrigation demands – currently 90 percent of national water consumption - set to become problematic as changing rainfall patterns increase the intensity and frequency of droughts.
 
Consequently, the Government of Kazakhstan is actively addressing the oncoming threats of climate change to protect and advance the development gains made over the last few decades. The Concept of Transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Sustainable Development is a key policy document that guides the country’s efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The Department of Climate Change is also a critical cog in the institutional mechanism and is mandated to coordinate technical issues related to climate change, although it is primarily focused on mitigation planning and action. The country’s INDC, which later became their First NDC when they ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016, is also heavily focused on mitigation and does not consider adaptation activities. 
 
However, Kazakhstan’s Third-Sixth National Communication to the UNFCCC does present feasible adaptation measures for a number of sectors. The document emphasises that the agriculture is expected to be worst hit by climate change as a result of soil degradation, desertification and decreased freshwater resources, and lays out anticipated adaptation interventions for its priority sectors: agricultural, water resources, health and natural resource sectors. Furthermore, in 2016 the government initiated the process of developing a NAP, that seeks to provide sector-specific guidance for the greater integration of adaptation considerations into policies and programmes.
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Undertook a preliminary mission to Kazakhstan

 

Based on an extensive desk review, the mission was conducted between 19 – 21 October 2016 and conducted a preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process, through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews. The mission built upon Kazakhstan’s participation in the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop on the NAP Process, which was held on 28 – 30 June, 2016 in Chisinau, Moldova, supported by UNDP and the NAP-GSP.

 

The Production of a Stocktaking Report

 
Informed by the mission, the Stocktaking Report and Preliminary Roadmap / Concept for Advancing the NAP Process in Kazakhstan was developed and shared with the various stakeholders for review and commenting. The key gaps and barriers to be addressed that were outlined in the report were: (i) the lack of a legal climate change adaptation (CCA) framework; (ii) CCA data is fragmented, not collected in a coordinated manner, and not fully accessible to relevant ministries and other users; (iii) planners and decision-makers lack tools and frameworks that facilitate the mainstreaming of climate risks into existing national processes and systems; (iv) lack of domestic capacity within and across government agencies and research institutions; (v) there is no existing monitoring and evaluation framework  for adaptation; and (vi) awareness of CCA is limited and the capacity to design, fund, and manage programmes and projects at national and local levels is lacking.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

The Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, was submitted in August 2017 to the Green Climate Fund (GCF), presents a request for funding to support: institutional capacity assessment and strengthening; stakeholder engagement; training of the Ministry’s staff and other interested central and local authorities; information and awareness raising; as well as the setting up of a GCF proposal review system.
 

 

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Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Kazakhstan submits their Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
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Jun 2016
Description: 
Kazakhstan participates in the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop on the NAP Process, held in Chisinau, Moldova
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Jun 2016
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Government of Kazakhstan requests support to develop a NAP as a way to facilitate effective planning for climate change
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Oct 2016
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NAP-GSP undertakes a mission to Kazakhstan to conduct a rapid capacity assessment in consultation with stakeholders, to identify the needs to be addressed by the NAP process
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Nov 2016
Description: 
A Stocktaking Report, including a roadmap for the NAP process is produced
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Dec 2016
Description: 
Kazakhstan ratifies the Paris Agreement
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Jul 2018
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Kazakhstan begins drafting a Readiness proposal to submit to the GCF for potential funding to support the NAP process

Supporting Zimbabwe to advance their NAP process

  • A National NAP workshop was held in Zimbabwe from 4-6 May 2016, jointly organized and supported by the Government of Zimbabwe, UNDP Zimbabwe Country Office, the Global Water Partnership (GWP), and NAP-GSP.
  • Forty participants from key ministries joined the workshop, including the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate, the Climate Change Department, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment Management Agency and other key ministries. The Government of Zimbabwe is planning to conduct ten provincial-level NAP trainings as part of a comprehensive national NAP programming process.
  • NAP-GSP will provide support through a National ‘Training for Trainers’ to develop trainers for the provincial workshops.
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4-6 May 2016, Kadoma, Zimbabwe:  A National NAP workshop was held in Zimbabwe, jointly organized and supported by the Government of Zimbabwe, UNDP Zimbabwe Country Office, the Global Water Partnership (GWP), and NAP-GSP. Key entry points for the NAP process in Zimbabwe were discussed during the workshop through group exercises and individual interviews. NAP-support priorities include enhancing coordination between national and local levels to advance the NAP process. The climate change governance framework was also discussed, with a view to mainstream climate change adaptation into all sectors. 

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Supporting Uruguay to advance their NAP process

  • A GCF-financed project has been launched to support the Government of Uruguay to advance its National Adaptation Planning process in cities and local governments (NAP-Cities). The objectives of the National Adaptation Planning process are to:  Reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience in cities, infrastructures and urban environments; and to facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies that apply to cities and local planning. The project will be implemented by the Ministry of Housing, Territorial Planning and Environment (MVOTMA).
  • A country briefing 'National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Uruguay' has been published. This briefing on the process to formulate and implement the National Adaptation Plan in Uruguay considers firstly the country context and the climate change risks. The groundwork for supporting the NAP is considered, covering the policy, planning and bugetary framework, priority adaptation sectors in NDC, climate assessments, the implementation of adaptation actions and plans thus far. The briefing contains a timeline of the Uruguay NAP process. Challenges, successes and opportunities are also discussed.
  • A NAP-GSP mission was deployed to Uruguay from 14-23 October 2016, to support a NAP workshop.
  • The workshop identified strategic goals for the NAP process, and the activities and processes to serve as entry points for climate change adaptation integration. 
  • Stakeholders gained a shared understanding of their own current capacities and needs around climate change adaptation to help inform decisions on developing a NAP process.
  • An indicative roadmap for development of NAP process was produced.
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Project Brief / Fact Sheet

National Adaptation Plan process in focus: Lessons from Uruguay

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News and Updates: 

> Government of Uruguay launches new project to boost resilience of cities and reach targets outlined in Paris Agreement

May 2018, Uruguay - With UNDP support and GCF finance, Uruguay works toward sustainable cities, increasing integration, adaptation, and resilience to climate change

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Supporting Peru to advance their NAP process

  • NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap.
  • NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.
  • As part of the NAP support mission to Peru, the NAP-GSP team met with the core team from the Ministry of Environment to review adaptation advances and develop a NAP roadmap. In addition, support was provided during a one day meeting of the multi-stakeholder NAP group.
  • The Ministry of Environment is leading the process to advance the NAP in Peru, together with the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Ministry of Production (Agriculture and Fisheries), Ministry of Health, the National Statistics Institute, the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations, Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, the Geophysics Institute, and various other institutions including private sector.
  • The focus of the NAP process is multisectoral. An initial stocktaking was done in the preparation for the 3rd National Communication on Climate Change, but Peru is seeking support and guidance on how to further advance the NAP purposes.
  • The NAP for Peru will build upon the National Strategy on Climate Change which was revised in 2015. This states the objective that economic agents and populations increase their awareness and adaptive capacity to the adverse impacts and the opportunities of climate change.
  • The NAP (and the National Strategy) also build on the following key strategies and documents:
    • The Plan for Disaster Risk Management and CCA in the Agricultural Sector 2012 – 2021
    • Regional strategies for Climate Change – based on the Law for Regional Governments. These strategies identify vulnerable sectors and areas in each of Peru's regions (provinces) and contain actions to reduce impacts of climate change.
    • National Plan for Disaster Risk Management
    • 3rd National Communication on Climate Change
    • The INDC - the  NAP will be the main instrument to implement INDC.
      The INDC adaptation component was developed after a review of the vulnerabilities and adaptation priorities of the country, and based on the study of the national goals established by various national planning documents (Bicentennial Plan, National Plan for Disaster Risk Management - PLANAGERD, Environmental Action Plan - PLANAA, Environment Agenda 2014) and sectoral planning documents (PLANGRACC-A11, Budget Programs, Integral Plan of Mitigation and Adaptation to the effects of Climate Change on Public Health, among others). The adaptation component is formulated for different sectors and prioritized systems.
 
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29 April 2016, Lima, Peru: NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap. NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.

> Read more

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Supporting Ghana to advance their NAP process

The Government of Ghana has developed an extensive list of climate change action programs to implement over the 2015-2020 timeframe. The government is identifying high priority programs based on systematic and robust cost-benefit analysis (CBA). 

To support this process of adaptation prioritisation, a cost-benefit of adaptation training was provided by UNDP at the request of the Government of Ghana as a part of the NAP-GSP programme in October 2016. The workshop was led by NDPC in close collaboration with MESTI and EPA, and Ministry of Finance. The aim of the training was to provide not only theoretical understanding but also practical applications in climate change adaptation through presentations, discussion, and case studies to target participants some of whom could potentially become future trainers themselves.
 
Ghana-focused case studies were designed according to Ghana’s priority areas and used throughout the workshop. These priority areas were identified based on the broad base consultation and consensus building.
 
The programme team is linking with the UNDP-UN Environment-WRI supported Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness Program in Ghana, and work has been initiated to identify potential entry points for NAP support in the country. 
 
 
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Ghana CBA Workshop

A CBA Training Workshop was provided by NAP-GSP at the request of the Government of Ghana. The Training aimed to provide not only theoretical understanding of CBA but also practical CBA applications in climate change adaptation through presentations, discussion, and case studies to target participants some of whom could potentially become future trainers themselves.
 
Ghana focused case studies were designed according to Ghana’s priority areas and used throughout the workshop. These priority areas were identified based on the broad base consultation and consensus building. The workshop was led by NDPC in close collaboration with MESTI and EPA and Ministry of Finance. Participating organisations were National Development Planning Commission (NDPC); Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology, and Innovation (MESTI), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), UNFCCC Focal Point, and Ministry of Finance (Ghana’s National Designated Authority, NDA). The joint UNDP-UNEP NAP-Global Support Programme is linking with the UNDP-UNEP-WRI supported Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness Program in Ghana, and work has been initiated to identify potential entry points for NAP support in the country.
 

Output/Deliverables:

The Ghana focused four-day CBA workshop was successfully delivered together with facilitation services, presentations and customized exercises. The CBA workshop was delivered using discussion and case-study/exercise approach to enhance interactive learning of the participants. Ghana focused as well as international cases/exercises were prepared and used at a group discussion through out the workshop. Before the training, most participants had very limited knowledge of CBA and how it can be applied to guide decision making especially at the project level. After the training, most participants reported that their levels of understanding of various aspects of CAB including practical exercise in going through the 8-step approach in performing a CBA.
 

Presentations:

Introduction to the nature of CBA
CBA Steps and expertise
Conducting CBA - Steps 123
Social cost of carbon in CBA
Conducting CBA - Step 4
Conducting CBA - Step 5
Calculate NPV CBA -  Step 6
Sensitivity analysis - Step 7
Making recommendations CBA - Step 8

Videos

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Supporting South Africa to advance their NAP process

  • The Government of South Africa have requested support for a national stocktaking on NAP and is preparing to hold a training on the NAP process.
  • A TOR is being drafted by the NAP-GSP team to share with the Government of South Africa and the UNDP Country Office.
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