Supporting Bosnia to advance their NAP process

Project Overview

Oct 2015
The government request UNDP and NAP-GSP support with developing a sectoral NAP
Oct 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina submit their Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
May 2016
A NAP orientation workshop is held and is attended by representatives from 41 organisations including 15 ministries from the both national entities
Mar 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina ratify the Paris Agreement
Apr 2017
A Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal for funding for the NAP process is submitted to the GCF
Mar 2018
The GCF approves the funding for the NAP process requested through the Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a sovereign state with a decentralized political and administrative structure with the two national entities: (the Republic of Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Brčko District. The lack of a central government makes implementing national policies that bit more complex, leading the NAP-GSP to focus on municipal financing and bottom-up programming.  
 
Bosnia and Herzegovina has several climate types: the temperate continental climate type (northern and central parts), the sub-mountainous and mountainous type, the Adriatic and modified Adriatic climate type. Annual temperature increases and a change in precipitation patterns is evident and extreme whether events are becoming more prevalent. Over the past eighteen years the country has had 7 years of drought and 5 years of flooding, specifically in 2014 when major flooding caused damages equivalent to 15 per cent of the country’s GDP for that year. 
 
In 2013, the Climate Change Adaptation and Low Emission Development Strategy was implemented which links to plans for poverty alleviation, economic growth and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is the country’s first policy framework to address climate change impacts and formed a foundation for the NAP-GSP to begin work on advancing the country’s NAP, a key component of their INDC, which later became their First NDC, when they ratified Paris Agreement in March 2017. 
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Assessed climate change adaptation budgeting and planning 

 

Looked at how budgeting and planning for adaptation could be carried out in the agricultural, water resources, human health, forestry, biodiversity, and vulnerable ecosystem sectors. The conclusion was that significant improvements in monitoring, analysis and data modelling were needed to understand the impacts on these sectors.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 
The Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal was submitted by the NDA to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in April 2017 and proposed the “Advance the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium-term investment planning in climate sensitive sectors in Bosnia-Herzegovina (B&H)” project, which aims to advance adaptation planning by taking a sectoral approach, prioritising medium-term adaptation interventions and demonstrating innovative finance methods at sub-national levels. Approximately US$ 2.5 million was granted by the GCF to fund this project and advance NAP implementation.

 

Key successes have been:

 

The incorporation of a Revolving Fund by the Fund for Environmental Protection of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which could act as a supplementary source of adaptation finance at the municipal level; and the focus on environment and energy efficiency outlined in the 2015-19 strategy adopted by the Municipal Association of Republika Srpska.

 

News

 
20 May 2016, Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Bosnia - A NAP orientation workshop for Bosnia and Herzegovina was conducted for representatives of 41 organizations, including 15 ministries from three national entities; Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republica Srbska and Brcko District. The workshop objectives were to advance understanding of the NAP process amongst country stakeholders, and enhance the active support of key national and subnational institutions for the NAP development and implementation.
 

Reports and Publications

Project Brief / Fact Sheet

National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina