Adaptation aspects in major sectors like forestry, agriculture, water resources and health are presented in Nepal's National Communication of 2004. Adaptation measure to Climate Change could be approached by intensifying the conservation of drought resistant crop varieties by improving cropping practices to conserve water; and by promoting crop diversification. Several aspects of the vulnerability and impact analysis in agriculture sector can also be improved, for example, development of improved climate scenarios, development of more suitable crop models, and search for alternative analytical approaches.

Nepal is a small landlocked mountainous country located between the world's two most populous countries: China to the north and India to the east, west and south, with a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The elevation of the country increases from about 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north at the peak of Mt. Everest. Nepal receives major portion of rainfall during summer monsoon from June to September.


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Nepal and UN Environment launch GCF-NAP project


SDG Localization through Integration of Climate Change in Agricultural Planning and Budgeting at the National and Sub-national Levels

Agriculture contributes to about one third of Nepal’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs about two-thirds of the population directly or indirectly. Agriculture being highly vulnerable to climate change, experiences far-reaching impacts with implications on Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1: Food security, Nutrition and Hunger and other SDGs. Since these impacts directly affect the livelihoods of a large number of people depending upon agriculture, it is important to integrate climate change in agriculture plans at all levels of government—local, provincial and federal.

Nepal Baseline Assessment Summary

This baseline assessment summary has been formatted to focus on the findings relevant to Nepal that were outlined in a report recently produced by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The report describes the findings of a survey on the status of formulation and implementation of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) in eight countries as of April 2017, and the potential contribution of the Integrating agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) Program

Project Technical Taskforce (PTT) Meeting Combined Presentation

Project Technical Taskforce (PTT) Meeting Combined Presentation - 2 May 2017

Project Steering Committee Minutes

The meeting was held on 12 January 2017 at MoAD meeting Hall.

Nepal launches NAP-Agriculture programme to minimize climate change impacts on agriculture


Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Nepal

Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of national GDP. These farmers are increasingly exposed to climate change induced risks, such as more frequent droughts and floods. In areas of high elevation, climate change, furthermore, intensifies snow and ice cap melting processes, which  increases the risk of  glacial lake outburst floods. Effective adapation strategies are thus imperative to protect livelihoods and prevent rises in  food insecurity – already a reality for 3.4 million Nepalese citizens. 
With low literacy rates, widespread poverty and a high dependency on natural resources, there is a limited capacity in Nepal to adapt to future climate change risks. Nepal has welcomed the NAP-Ag Programme and its objectives to protect agricultural production through mainstreaming adaptation activities into national planning and budgeting processes.
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Project Brief / Fact Sheet

Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams

Nepal Baseline Assessment Summary

Planning Meeting Presentations

Project Technical Taskforce (PTT) Meeting Combined Presentation


Inception Report

Project Steering Committee Minutes

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Adaptation policies

UNDP and FAO aim to support farming communities to identify and implement adaptation strategies, within the context of Nepal’s Agricultural Development Strategy (ADS) 2015 to 2035 as well as its Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in Agriculture – Priority Framework for Action 2011- 2020
At the national level an assessment has been undertaken to identify gaps and entry points to improve climate budgeting in agriculture. Strengthening capacity to undertake economic appraisals of adaptation options, as well as improving tracking and monitoring systems that will enable evidence-based decision making of public expenditures and increase the efficiency of resource mobilisation processes. Capacities also need to be strengthened in the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD) and district authorities to facilitate the intergration of climate change adaptation into the existing Agricultural Development Strategy (ADS) enacted by MoAD.


NAP-Ag activities

Throughout the period 2016 – 2018, the NAP-Ag is aiming to achieve four outcomes; (1) develop an integrated roadmap for the NAP, addressing sector priorities aligned to the ADS; (2) support the integration of adaptation needs in sector policy and programme development while improving evidence-based results for NAPs by developing a robust monitoring and evaluation framework; (3) strengthen technical capacities and institutions; and (4) promote advocacy and knowledge sharing through exchanging of lessons learned.
An opportunity for knowledge sharing will be the stakeholder forum, scheduled for the second half of 2018, where civil society, private sector, and community-based organizations can discuss and validate priorities for climate action in agro-ecological areas.
Support with leveraging climate finance
Increased country support in leveraging climate finance for the implementation of climate change adaptation strategies and frameworks in the agricultural sectors. Assessed gaps and entry points to improve climate budgeting practices and supporting a task force to improve systems for more robust expenditure classification and tracking.
Capacity development for gender mainstreaming 
Enhanced capacity for gender mainstreaming through technical training workshops and  piloted analytical methods for collecting and using sex-disaggregated data within impact evaluations, monitoring and value chain analysis.
Review of domestic data sources for climate finance
Undertook research to better understand allocations  to climate change through national expenditure.
Economic appraisal of adaptation options
Appraised adaptation options and strengthened capacity to conduct vulnerability and impact assessments, including the assessment of gender issues. The assessments seek to facilitate the framing of priority options and programmes on agriculture and ecosystem-based adaptation, and support the mobilization of national and international finance.
Training workshop to increase capacity for gender analysis 
Delivered training to increase capacity for gender analysis within the context of field-level vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning. Follow-up activities are being planned in order to build on the training workshops.
Integrating climate change into monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and project planning
Guidelines on integrating climate change into M&E frameworks for prioritised adaptation-sensitive programmes will be elaborated along with a training package and toolkit for officers at both national and subnational levels. Key guideline documents for budgeting are also being revised for different levels of government, linking evidence on effective past spending to new programme proposals.
Rohini Kohli
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Nepal - Integrating gender in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning

30 Oct 2017, Nepal -  A three-day workshop on integrating gender in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning at the local level was held in Kathmandu this October as part of the UNDP-FAO NAP-Ag programme. The training sought to strengthen the capacity of the Nepal’s NAP-Ag Project Technical Task-force (PTT) and contractors to integrate gender analysis methods and tools in climate risk assessment and adaptation planning in the agriculture sector.


Nepal launches NAP-Agriculture programme to minimize climate change impacts on agriculture

October 2105, Nepal - The NAP-Ag programme, jointly organised by the FAO and UNDP, is funded by Germany under its International Climate Initiative and aims to address climate change impacts through adaptation initiatives in the agriculture sector, and build Nepal’s capacity to mobilise funds for longer-term climate initiatives that are linked to Nepal’s Agriculture Development Strategy.
09 August 2017, Nepal - The challenge now is that despite having the mandate to lead local adaptation efforts, both the capacity and resources of local governments for planning and implementing climate-smart agricultural practices are low. This article summarises Nepal's efforts thus far to address these issues, specifically through the National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) and the National Framework on Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA), designed to implement NAPA priorities. 

Government investment in climate change paying off, say reports (The Himalayan Times)

07 August 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal - Investment made by the government to help Nepali farmers adapt to climate change is having a positive impact on the income level of farmers, according to recent studies by the Ministry of Agriculture Development, National Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, Freedom Forum and UNDP.


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Small scale subsistence agriculture employs 78 percent of Nepal’s workforce, with the agriculture sector as a whole contributing to 34.3 percent of country’s GDP. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of floods and droughts and therefore food vulnerability of the already 3.4 million food insecure people living in Nepal.

EbA planning in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (2015)

Abstract: As part of numerous efforts on adapting to climate change in Nepal, an approach of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is being demonstrated in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER). Partners under the project entitled Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems in Nepal have been implementing activities to reduce vulnerability of the PMER to climate change and enhance resilient capacity of communities and ecosystems in the region to cope with adverse impacts of climate change already being witnessed.

Mt EbA Nepal Vulnerability & Impact Assessment of Panchase Region (2015)

This report is a presentation of the tools and methods of a vulnerability and impacts assessment (VIA) of both climatic and non-climatic changes on ecosystem services and community livelihoods in the Panchase Mountain Ecological Region (PMER), which is the Nepal project site for the Global Mountain EbA Programme.